Road Transport Infrastructure and Manufacturing Location: An Empirical Evidence and Comparative Study between Tijuana and Nuevo Laredo, Mexico

Infraestructura de transporte y localización manufacturera: Evidencia empírica y comparación entre las ciudades fronterizas de Tijuana y Nuevo Laredo, México

Saúl Obregón-Biosca, José Manuel Chávez-Usla, Eduardo Betanzo-Quezada

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Resumen

La infraestructura de transporte influye en la localización de empresas manufactureras, por ello el presente trabajo compara la influencia de la accesibilidad al puerto fronterizo y la localización de empresas manufactureras en dos municipios de la frontera norte de México. Las herramientas utilizadas incluyen el manejo de un sistema de información geográfica y datos a nivel micro de empresas. El análisis estadístico se basa en modelos de Poisson, estimando los conjuntos de opciones de ubicación. Los resultados muestran que la accesibilidad y el tamaño del mercado presentan mayor significación en la localización de las empresas en ambas ciudades.

Palabras clave: infraestructura de transporte; manufacturas; modelación econométrica; Tijuana; Nuevo Laredo


Abstract

Transport infrastructure influences the location of manufacturing firms in that sense, this paper compares the influence of accessibility to ports for export and the location of manufacturing firms in two municipalities in the northern Mexico border. The tools used include the management of a geographic information system and micro-level data of the industrial parks of each municipality. Statistical analysis was based on the application of Poisson models to estimate the sets placement options. The results show that accessibility and market size have greater significance in the location of firms in both cities.

Keywords: transport infrastructure; manufacturing; econometric modelling; Tijuana; Nuevo Laredo


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