Education in a Global Age: An Inter-California Strategy for the Tijuana-San Diego Region

Contenido principal del artículo

Olga A. Vásquez


This article lays out a blueprint for an Inter-California Strategy that would link the San Diego and Tijuana areas as one regional force. It attempts to conceptualize two distinct and often disharmonious areas as one, painting with broad strokes the uneven economic and educational conditions on the two sides of the border. It discusses past binational collaboration on education and sketches the possibilities for future collaboration, offering timely recommendations to bring it about and predictions for what it could achieve. In calling for an inter-California region, the article also argues for a global identity and, specifically, for an education that is relevant to the new economic, technical, and scientific advances that are increasingly illuminating a new global society. RESUMENEste artículo presenta un bosquejo para una estrategia Inter-California que enlazaría las áreas de San Diego y Tijuana como una sola fuerza regional. Esto intenta conceptualizar dos distintas y frecuentemente contradictorias áreas como una sola, haciendo una aproximación grosso modo de las desiguales condiciones económicas y educativas en ambos lados de la frontera. Se discute la colaboración binacional en educación, del pasado y se plantean las posibilidades para el futuro de dichacolaboración, ofreciendo recomendaciones y predicciones de las metas que podrían alcanzarse. Llamando a la región inter-California, el artículo también argumenta por una identidad global, y específicamente, por una educación que es relevante para la nueva economía, así como los avances científicos y tecnológicos que están iluminando cada vez más una nueva sociedad global.

Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Vásquez, O. A. (2017). Education in a Global Age: An Inter-California Strategy for the Tijuana-San Diego Region. Frontera Norte, 14(28), 21–46.


Andreas, Peter, “Borderless Economy, Barricaded Border,” NACLA Report on the Americas, 33(3):14, 1999.

Arreola, Daniel D., “Border-City Idée Fixe,” Geographic Review, 86(3):356-70, 1996.

Calbreath, Dean, “Tijuana Dreaming: A Civic Vision of Tomorrow Has a Lot of Everything-Low-Cost Housing, Tourism, Infrastructure. That's Everything Except Money,” San Diego Union Tribune, Business section, 1999, p. I-1.

Castruita, Rudy M., “Preparing Students for College: San Diego County Statistics, 1990 to 1999,” report of the San Diego County (California) Office of Education, 2000.

Cazabon, Mary T., Elena Nicoladis and Wallace E. Lambert, “Becoming Bilingual in the Amigos Two-Way Immersion Program,” CREDE ResearchReport 3, Center for Research on Education, Diversity, and Excellence (CREDE), 1998. Summary available from <>.

Cogan, John and Ray Derricott, Citizenship for the 21st Century: An International Perspective on Education, London: Kogan Page, 1998.

Cole, Mike, Cultural Psychology: A Once and Future Discipline, Cambridge, Mass., The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1996.

Corona, Leonel, Innovación y región. Empresas innovadoras en los corredores industriales de Querétaro y Bajío, Mexico City, Sistema de Investigación Miguel Hidalgo (Sihgo) and Conacyt, 2001.

Cummins, Jim and Dennis Sayers, Brave New Schools: Challenging Cultural Illiteracy through Global Learning Networks, New York, St. Martin's Press, 1995.

Dibble, Sandra, “Tijuana Students Covet Right to Attend La Lázaro,” San Diego Union Tribune, 1996, p. B-1.

Erie, Steven P. and Chuck Nathanson, “The Challenge of Developing the Cross-Border Region's Trade Infrastructure,” Briefing Paper prepared for San Diego Dialogue's Fronterizo series on The Global Engagement of San Diego/Tijuana, May 2000.

Golden, Arthur, “Just Over the Border, Tijuana Offers Vibrant Threshold to Latin America,” San Diego Union-Tribune, 1996, p. B-1.

Hammond-Darling, Linda and Peter Youngs, “Defining Highly Qualified Teachers: What does ‘Scientifically-Based Research' Tell Us?”, unpublished paper, Sanford University, 2002.

Haycock, Kati, Achievement in America, Washington, D.C., The Education Trust, 1997.

Marcelli, Enrico. A. and Pascale M. Joassart, “Prosperity and Poverty in the New Economy,” San Diego, California, Center on Policy Initiatives, 1998.

Nash, Ian, “Go Local for Learning,” Times Educational Supplement, July 23, 1999, p. 39.

O'Connor, Anne-Marie, “On the Border, Best of Both Worlds,” Los Angeles Times, June 25, 1997, p. A-3,

Puente, María, “So Close, Yet So Far: San Diego, Tijuana, 1989,” San Diego Tribune, July 11, 1989.

Reich, Robert B., The Work of Nations, New York, Vintage Books, 1992.

Rey, Serge, Paul Ganster, Gustavo del Castillo, Juan Álvarez, Ken Shellhammer, Alan Sweedler and Norris Clement, “The San Diego-Tijuana Region,” Chapter 3, in Integrating Cities and Regions: North America Faces Globalization, edited by James W. Wilkie and Clint E. Smith, Guadalajara and Los Angeles, UCLA Program on Mexico, Universidad de Guadalajara and Centro Internacional Lucas Alamán para el Crecimiento Económico, 1998.

Roberts, L., “Building New Tools for Teaching and Learning: A National Perspective,” paper presented to the San Diego Science and Technology Council, La Jolla, California, July, 2000.

SANDAG, “Growth Challenges and Opportunities in the Binational Region of San Diego and Tijuana,” Conference Proceedings, July 29, 1998.

Shirk, David A., “Regional Success Stories: Global Engagement Strategies for the San Diego/Baja California Region”, Briefing paper prepared for San Diego Dialogue Forum Fronterizo series on “The Global Engagement of San Diego/Baja California,” La Jolla, California, 2000.

Simmons, Charlene Wear, Alicia Bugarín, David Illig, Hans Johnson, Kirk Knutsen, Rosa María Moller, Marcus Nieto and Kenneth W. Umbach, The Many Faces of Mexico. CRB-97-001 (January), Sacramento, California, California Research Bureau, California State Library, 1997, retrieved from <>.

Stanton-Salazar, Ricardo D., Olga A. Vásquez and Hugh Mehan, “Engineering Academic Success Through Institutional Support,” in The Academic Achievement of Minority Students: Perspectives, Practices and Prescriptions, edited by Sheila T. Gregory, New York, University Press of America, 2000, pp. 212-47.

Torres, Carlos Alberto, Democracy, Education, and Multiculturalism: Dilemmas of Citizenship in a Global World, Presidential Address the Annual Meeting of the Comparative International Education Society (CIES), Buffalo, New York, March 20, 1998, retrieved from<>.

UCSD Academic Senate, Final Report of the UCSD Task Force on K-12 Out reach, 1997.

U.S. Dept. of Education, What Works for Latino Youth, 1st edition, Washington, D.C., White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans, 1999.

Vásquez, Olga A. La Clase Mágica: Imagining Optimal Possibilities in a Bilingual Community of Learners (in press), Mahwah, New Jersey, Laurence Erlbaum.

----, “A Model System of Institutional Linkages: Transforming the Educational Pipeline,” in Strategic Interventions in Education: Expanding the Latino/ Latina Pipeline, edited by Aída Hurtado, Richard Figueroa, Eugene García, Santa Cruz, Regents of the University of California, 1996, pp. 137-66.