Sociolinguistic Capital and Fresa Identity Formations on the U.S.-Mexico Border

Capital sociolingüístico y formaciones de identidad fresa en la frontera entre México y Estados Unidos

Claudia HOLGUÍN MENDOZA

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Resumen

Este estudio analiza estilos sociolingüísticos entre mujeres jóvenes en la frontera norte en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua y El Paso, Texas. Estas hablantes retoman elementos sociolingüísticos empleados por jóvenes estadounidenses y manifiestan formaciones de identidad mejor conocidas en México como el estereotipo fresa. Estas innovaciones lingüísticas señalan emblemas de prestigio social influenciados por la economía política neoliberal. El análisis documenta cómo estas jóvenes en la frontera entre México y Estados Unidos absorben y rearticulan, por medio de sus prácticas bilingües, ideologías anglocéntricas referentes a feminidades blancas y clases sociales altas dentro de la cultura global de consumismo actual.

Palabras clave: frontera entre México y Estados Unidos, variación estilística, construc- ciones de identidad, género, identidad blanca


Abstract

This study analyzes sociolinguistic styles among Mexican women in the northern border cities of Juarez, Chihuahua and El Paso, Texas. These speakers’ grafting of sociolinguistic elements that resemble particular U.S. English styles ref lects what are understood in Mexico as fresa stereotypes. These linguistic innovations signal emblems of social prestige under the increasingly extensive influences of the neoliberal political economy. Through an examination of bilingual speech patterns in Spanish and in English, along with consideration of other sociolinguistic practices, I document how U.S.-centered ideologies of upper-class white feminine consumer culture are absorbed and rearticulated by women in the U.S.-Mexico border region.

Keywords: U.S.-Mexico border, stylistic variation, identity constructions, gender, whiteness


Texto completo:

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