Immigrants and Cross-Border Workers in the U.S.-Mexico Border Region

Inmigrantes y trabajadores transfronterizos en la región fronteriza Estados Unidos-México

Pedro Paulo Orraca Romano

Idioma original

Resumen

Este artículo estudia las diferencias entre los mexicanos que residen y trabajan en la zona fronteriza de Estados Unidos y los mexicanos que viven en México pero trabajan en Estados Unidos. Los inmigrantes y los trabajadores transfronterizos son comparados en términos de su magnitud, características socioeconómicas, estructura ocupacional e ingresos. De 2000 a 2010 se observa un aumento en el número de inmigrantes y una caída en la cantidad de trabajadores transfronterizos. Por otro lado, la población inmigrante tiende a ser más joven, tener mayores niveles de educación, estar empleada en mejores ocupaciones y percibir mayores ingresos que los trabajadores transfronterizos.

Palabras clave: inmigrantes, trabajadores transfronterizos, descomposición Oaxaca-Blinder, Estados Unidos


Abstract

This article studies the differences between the Mexican-born population that resides and works in the U.S. border region and Mexican-born workers that live in Mexico but work in the United States. Immigrants and cross-border workers are compared in terms of their magnitude, socioeconomic characteristics, occupational structure and earnings. From 2000 to 2010, there was a significant increase in the number of immigrants in the U.S. border region and a substantial decline in the quantity of cross-border workers. Furthermore, immigrants are younger, more educated, more likely to be employed in high paying occupations, and have higher earnings than cross-border workers.

Keywords: immigrants; cross-border workers; Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition; United States; Mexico,


Texto completo:

Idioma original


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